Other Resources

Other Resources

Sample Syllabi for Planning Education

Sample Syllabi for Planning Education

Articles for Planning Education

Articles for Planning Education

  • Barredo J, Demichell L. Urban sustainability in developing countries’ megacities: modeling and predicting future urban growth in Lagos. Cities 2003;20(5):297-310.
  • Bernheim, R, Botchwey N, Dillingham R. Intentionality and Integration in Undergraduate Global Public Health Education. Peer Review 2008; 10(4): 16-19.
  • Boarnet M, Anderson C, Day K, McMillan T, Alfonzo M. Evaluation of the California Safe Route school legislation: Urban form changes and children’s active transportation to school. Am J Prev Med 2005;28(2): 134-140.
  • Botchwey N, Hobson S, Dannenberg A, Mumford K, Contant C, McMillan T, Jackson R, Lopez R, Winkle C. Built Environment and Health Model Curriculum. Am J Prev Med 2009; 36(2, Supplement): S63-S71.
  • Botchwey, N. 2007. The Religious Sector’s Presence in Local Community Development. Journal of Planning Education and Research 27(1): 36-48.
  • Botchwey, N. D., Falkenstein, R., Levin, J., Fisher, T., & Trowbridge, M. (2014). The Built Environment and Actual Causes of Death: Promoting an Ecological Approach to Planning and Public Health. Journal of Planning Literature, 30(3), 261-281. doi:10.1177/0885412214561337
  • Braveman, P. A., Cubbin, C., Egerter, S., & et al. (2005). Socioeconomic status in health research: One size does not fit all. JAMA, 294(22), 2879-2888. doi:10.1001/jama.294.22.2879
  • Braveman, P., & Gottlieb, L. (2014). The Social Determinants of Health: It’s Time to Consider the Causes of the Causes. Public Health Reports, 129(1_suppl2), 19-31. doi:10.1177/00333549141291S206
  • Braveman, P., Egerter, S., & Williams, D. R. (2011). The Social Determinants of Health: Coming of Age. Annual Review of Public Health, 32(1), 381-398. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031210-101218
  • Built Environment Institute II: “Teaching the Built Environment – Health Connection” APHA 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition: Public Health and Human Rights. Environment Section Program; 2006 Nov 7; Boston, MA.
  • Burden D. Street design guidelines for healthy neighborhoods. Conference proceedings 27. Transportation Research Board: Washington, DC; 2000.
  • Carroll-Scott, A., Gilstad-Hayden, K., Rosenthal, L., Peters, S. M., McCaslin, C., Joyce, R., & Ickovics, J. R. (2013). Disentangling neighborhood contextual associations with child body mass index, diet, and physical activity: The role of built, socioeconomic, and social environments. Social Science & Medicine, 95, 106-114. doi:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Barriers to walking and bicycling to school: United States, 2004. MMWR. 2005;54(38):949-52.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Blood lead levels in young children—United States and selected states, 1996–1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2000;49(50):1133-7.
  • Chaiyachati, K. H., Hubbard, R. A., Yeager, A., Mugo, B., Shea, J. A., Rosin, R., & Grande, D. (2018). Rideshare-Based Medical Transportation for Medicaid Patients and Primary Care Show Rates: A Difference-in-Difference Analysis of a Pilot Program. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 33(6), 863-868. doi:10.1007/s11606-018-4306-0
  • Colantonio A, Potter R. City profile: Havana. Cities 2005;23(1):63-78.
  • Committee on Environmental Health, American Academy of Pediatrics. The Built Environment: Designing Communities to Promote Physical Activity in Children. Pediatrics 2009; 123:1591-1598.
  • Corburn, J. (2004). Confronting the Challenges in Reconnecting Urban Planning and Public Health. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4), 541-546.
  • Coutts, C., & Hahn, M. (2015). Green Infrastructure, Ecosystem Services, and Human Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(8), 9768-9798. doi:10.3390/ijerph120809768
  • Cunningham, T., N. Botchwey, R. Dillingham, V. Netshandama, J. Boissevan, K. Firehock, G. Learmonth, and G. Louis. 2009. Understanding Water Perceptions in Limpopo Province: A Photovoice Community Assessment. Environmental Pollution and Public Health, IEEE.
  • Dai, D. (2010). Black residential segregation, disparities in spatial access to health care facilities, and late-stage breast cancer diagnosis in metropolitan Detroit. Health & Place, 16(5), 1038-1052. doi:
  • Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Heaton SK, Feldman JD, Rutt CD. Use of Health Impact Assessment in the United States: 27 Case Studies, 1999–2007. Am J Prev Med 2008;34(3):241-56.
  • Dannenberg AL, Jackson RJ, Frumkin H, Schieber RA, Pratt M, Kochitzky C, Tilson HH. The impact of community design and land-use choices on public health: a scientific research agenda. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1500-8.
  • Ding, D., & Gebel, K. (2012). Built environment, physical activity, and obesity: What have we learned from reviewing the literature? Health & Place, 18(1), 100-105. doi:
  • Evans G. The built environment and mental health. J Urban Health 2003;80(4): 536-55.
  • Evans L. A new traffic safety vision for the United States. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9): 1384-5.
  • Forsyth A, CS Slotterback, KJ Krizek. 2010. Health Impact Assessment in Planning: Development of the Design for Health HIA tools. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 30: 42-51.
  • Frank L, Anderson M, Schmid T. Obesity relationships with community design, physical activity, and time spent in cars. Am J Prev Med 2004;27(7):87-96.
  • Frank LD, Greenwald MJ, Winkelman S, Chapman J, Kavage S. Carbonless footprints: Promoting health and climate stabilization through active transportation. Am J Prev Med 2010; 50:99-105.
  • Friedman MS, Powell KE, Hutwagner L, Graham LM, Teague WG. Impact of changes in transportation and commuting behaviors during the 1996 summer Olympic Games in Atlanta on air quality and childhood asthma. JAMA2001;285(7):897-905.
  • Galea, S., Freudenberg, N., & Vlahov, D. (2005). Cities and population health. Social Science & Medicine, 60(5), 1017-1033. doi:
  • Gallagher, J., Baldauf, R., Fuller, C. H., Kumar, P., Gill, L. W., & McNabola, A. (2015). Passive methods for improving air quality in the built environment: A review of porous and solid barriers. Atmospheric Environment, 120, 61-70. doi:
  • Geller A. Smart growth: a prescription for livable cities. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1410-5.
  • Giles-Corti B, Donovan RJ. Relative influences of individual, social environmental and physical environmental correlates of walking. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1583-9.
  • Gómez-Baggethun, E., & Barton, D. N. (2013). Classifying and valuing ecosystem services for urban planning. Ecological Economics, 86, 235-245. doi:
  • Grabow, M. L., Spak, S. N., Holloway, T., Stone, B., Jr., Mednick, A. C., & Patz, J. A. (2012). Air Quality and Exercise-Related Health Benefits from Reduced Car Travel in the Midwestern United States. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(1), 68-76.
  • International City/County Management Association. Active living for older adults: Management strategies for healthy and livable communities (2003) (E-43140).
  • Kent, J. L., & Thompson, S. (2014). The Three Domains of Urban Planning for Health and Well-being. CPL bibliography, 29(3), 239-256.
  • Leyden KM. Social capital and the built environment: the importance of walkable neighborhoods. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1546-1551.
  • Librett JJ, Yore MM, Schmid TL. Local ordinances that promote physical activity: a survey of municipal policies. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1399-403.
  • Lucy WH. Mortality risk associated with leaving home: recognizing the relevance of the built environment. Am J Public Health 2003; 93(9):1564-1569.
  • Malizia EE. City and regional planning: a primer for public health officials. Am J Health Promot 2005;19(5):Suppl 1-13.
  • Malizia EE. Planning and Public Health: Research Options for an Emerging Field. Journal of Planning Education and Research 2006;25:428-432.
  • Martin M, Leonard M, Allen S, Botchwey N, Carney M. Commentary: Using Culturally Competent Strategies to Improve Traffic Safety in the Black Community. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2004;44(4): 414-418.
  • McAvoy P, Driscoll M, Gramling B. Integrating the environment, the economy, and community health: A Community Health Center’s initiative to link health benefits to smart growth. Am J Public Health 2004;94(4):525-7.
  • McMichael AJ. The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2000;78(9):1117-26.
  • McMillan TE. Urban form and a child’s trip to school: the current literature and a model for future research. J Planning Literature 2005;19(4):440-56.
  • Mechanic, D., & Tanner, J. (2007). Vulnerable People, Groups, And Populations: Societal View. Health Affairs, 26(5), 1220-1230. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.26.5.1220
  • Northridge ME, Sclar ED, Biswas P. Sorting out the connections between the built environment and health: a conceptual framework for navigating pathways and planning healthy cities. J Urban Health 2003;80(4):556-68.
  • Peterson J. The impact of sanitary reform upon American urban planning, 1840-1990. J Soc Hist 1979;13(1):83-103.
  • Pucher J, Dijkstra L. Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(9):1509-16.
  • Raja S, Ma C, Yadav P. Beyond food deserts: measuring and mapping racial disparities in neighborhood food environments. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2008; 27: 469-482.
  • Rosenbloom S. Mobility of the elderly: good news and bad news. Conference proceedings 27. Transportation Research Board: Washington, DC; 2004.
  • Ross, C. L., Orenstein, M., & Botchwey, N. (2014). “Public Health and Community Planning 101” in Health impact assessment in the united states. Retrieved from
  • Sadler, R. C., Gilliland, J. A., & Arku, G. (2016). Theoretical issues in the ‘food desert’ debate and ways forward. GeoJournal, 81(3), 443-455. doi:10.1007/s10708-015-9634-6
  • Saegert SC, Klitzman S, Freudenberg N, Cooperman-Mroczek J, Nassar S. Healthy housing: a structured review of published evaluations of U.S. interventions to improve health by modifying housing in the United States, 1990-2001. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1471-7.
  • Sallis J, Linton L, Kraft M. The first Active Living Research Conference: growth of a transdisciplinary field. Am J Prev Med 2005;28(2 Supplement 2):93-5
  • Sallis, J. F., Cervero, R. B., Ascher, W., Henderson, K. A., Kraft, M. K., & Kerr, J. (2006). An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annual Review of Public Health, 27(1), 297-322. doi:10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102100
  • Schilling J, Linton L. The public health roots of zoning: in search of active living’s legal genealogy. Am J Prev Med 2005;28(Suppl 2):96-104.
  • Sclar ED, Northridge ME, Karpel EM. Promoting interdisciplinary curricula and training in transportation, land use, physical activity, and health. Transportation Research Board Special Report 282: Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity? Examining the Evidence.
  • Shoshkes E, Adler S. Planning for healthy people/healthy places: lessons from mid-twentieth century global discourse. Planning Perspectives 2009; 24(2):197-217.
  • Syed, S. T., Gerber, B. S., & Sharp, L. K. (2013). Traveling Towards Disease: Transportation Barriers to Health Care Access. Journal of Community Health, 38(5), 976-993. doi:10.1007/s10900-013-9681-1
  • Trowbridge MJ, Gurka MJ, O’Connor RE. Urban Sprawl and Delayed Ambulance Arrival in the U.S. Am J Pre Med 2009;37(5):428-432.
  • Twiss J, Dickinson J, Duma S, Kleinman T, Paulsen H, Rilveria L. Community gardens: lessons learned from California Healthy Cities and Communities. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9): 1435-41.
  • Wang CC, Burris MA. Empowerment through Photovoice: portraits of participation. Health Educ Q 1994;21(2):171-86.
  • Younger M, Morrow-Almeida HR, Vindigni SM, Dannenberg AL. The built environment, climate change, and health: opportunities for co-benefits. Amer J Prev Med, in press, October 2008.
  • Zimmerman R. Mass transit infrastructure and urban health. J Urban Health 2005;82(1):21-32.
Texts for Planning Education

Texts for Planning Education

  • Barry, John M. The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history. New York, NY: Penguin; 2004.
  • Barton, Hugh. Healthy Urban Planning. New York, NY: Spon Press, 2000.
  • Corburn, Jason. Toward the Healthy City: People, Places, and the Politics of Urban Planning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009.
  • Dannenberg A, Frumkin H and Jackson R. Making Healthy Places. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2011.
  • Dubos, Rene. Mirage of Health: Utopias Progress and Biological Change. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1999. (orig. published 1959)
  • Farley, Tom, Cohen, Deborah. Prescription for a Healthy Nation: A New Approach to Improving Our Lives by Fixing Our Everyday World. Boston, MA: Beacon; 2005.
  • Fink LD. Creating significant learning experiences: an integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass; 2003.
  • Flink, Charles, Olka, Kristine, Searns, Robert, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Burwell, David. Trails for the Twenty-Firast Centry: Planning, Design, and Management Manual for Multi-Use Trails. Washington, DC: Island, 2001.
  • Frank, Lawrence, Engelke, Schmid, Thomas. Health and Community Design: The Impact of The Built Environment on Physical Activity. Washington, DC: Island, 2003.
  • Frumkin H, Frank L, Jackson R. Urban Sprawl and Public Health: Designing, Planning, and Building for Healthy Communities. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2004.
  • Gottlieb, Robert. Reinventing Los Angeles: Nature and Community in the Global City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.
  • Hynes, Patricia H., Lopez, Russell. Urban Health: Readings in the Socail, Built, and Physical Environments of U.S. Cities. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 2009.
  • Jackson R and Sinclair S. Designing Healthy Communities. New Jersey: Wiley; 2011.
  • Jackson, Richard J., and Stacy Sinclair. Designing Healthy Communities. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
  • Kawachi I, Berkman LF. Neighborhoods and Health. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press; 2003.
  • Leavitt, Judith W. Typhoid Mary. Boston, MA: Beacon; 1996.
  • Morris M, Duncan R, Hannaford K, Kochtitzky C, Rogers V, Roof K, Solomon J. Integrating planning and public health. Chicago: APA Planning Advisory Service; 2006.
  • Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York, NY: Harper Perennial; 2005.
Sample Assignment Descriptions

Sample Assignment Descriptions

Each course contained several assignments to help students think critically and apply principles, while blending public health and planning perspectives and methodologies. In addition to term papers and exams, assignments ranged from in-class debates on predetermined topics to field-based data collection efforts designed to introduce students to empirical research. The following assignment descriptions correspond to those listed under each of the unit descriptions.

Local neighborhood case study

  • Learning Objective: To illustrate how building practices are influenced and to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of design innovations.
  • Assignment: Tour a local neighborhood and answer essay questions concerning the community’s urban revitalization plan, using analytic techniques presented in class.

Campus and neighborhood walkability audit

  • Learning Objective: To assess the walkability of residential and campus settings as part of physical activity environment at home or school.
  • Assignment: Use existing or newly developed instruments to collect field data in two or more settings, in either a residential or campus environment; gain data-collection experience and reflect on daily settings and their walkability, including sidewalks, barriers, traffic, destinations, and the presence of others.

Service-learning group project

  • Learning Objective: To become familiar with community organizations and their process to improve the welfare of communities.
  • Assignment: Work for the entire semester with a group of service providers, such as assisting hurricane victims or developing a resource book for an urban farm.

Activity diary

  • Learning Objective: To increase awareness of how choices, constraints, and design affect movement patterns and physical activity.
  • Assignment: Keep a week-long travel diary of pedometer readings and travel patterns, with critique of how built environment influenced travel.

Transit use

  • Learning Objective: To understand opportunities and barriers for alternative transportation systems relying on mass transit.
  • Assignment: Follow a round-trip circuit of 8–10 segments on bus, heavy rail, trolley, and on foot while monitoring waiting times, ridership numbers, wayfinding, and relative safety.

Op-ed, radio spot, or video

  • Learning Objective: To communicate persuasively about contemporary social issues, integrating information and ideas, and present ideas in a clear, succinct way in a public forum.
  • Assignment: Produce an op-ed, one-minute radio spot or one-minute video on the built environment and health, related to policy and ethics of popular interest; present to the class for discussion and critique; submit for publication.


  • Learning Objective: To gain appreciation for contemporary issues related to topics presented in class.
  • Assignment: Debate a topic assigned at beginning of semester; present pro and con positions, each followed by 2-minute rebuttals.

Policy memos

  • Learning Objective: To construct critical arguments and present succinct positions to educate decision-makers.
  • Assignment: Draft two policy memos on built environment issues directed to decision makers at local and state levels.

Photovoice report

  • Learning Objective: To collect community perspectives on the feasibility of built environment approaches to remedying disparities of social capital and mental health or other topics.
  • Assignment: Develop recommendations through in-class Photovoice exercise; evaluate feasibility of recommendations based on reflections and assigned readings.

Healthy communities portfolio

  • Learning Objective: To engage in reflective thinking about what student has learned during the semester.
  • Assignment: Present portfolio illustrating the evolution during the semester of the student’s thinking about healthy communities, with narrative discussing lessons and future applications of the work.

Reading critique

  • Learning Objective: To critique topical readings and assess strengths and weaknesses in the information presented to guide next steps.
  • Assignment: Review assigned readings and write a clear, thorough yet concise two-page paper commenting on significant data highlighted in the readings, strengths and weaknesses of the arguments presented and applicability to the session topic. (Download sample assignment)

Pecha Kucha

  • Learning Objective: To research a specific healthy community’s topic and synthesize the materials into a clear, informative and engaging presentation.
  • Assignment: Students will work in teams of two to develop and present one clear, thorough and concise summary of the session’s topic complete with pertinent data and full references (APA format). The required submission includes (1) a presentation of 20 slides, 20 seconds per slide (slide 1 is the introduction slide and slide 20 is the reference slide), and (2) a 2-page summary narrative. Submit the slides and 2-page summary document to collab as a *.ppt and *.doc or higher format. (Download sample assignment)